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Type of Play

Types of Play

Play is crucial for children as it fosters imagination, cognitive growth, and emotional well-being. It enhances literacy and language skills through storytelling and communication. Additionally, play promotes independence, physical fitness, and social skills like sharing and turn-taking. Through play, children learn about the world, build friendships, and develop essential life skills.

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Types of Play

UNOCCUPIED PLAY
(0-3 MONTHS)

Babies or young children exploring materials around them without any sort of organization

  • It allows newborns to identify their legs, hands, arms, and feet

  • This is their first attempt to learn about their world

INDEPENDENT/SOLITARY PLAY
(BIRTH TO 2 YEARS)

When a child starts to play alone

  • Looking at colorful pictures in board books

  • Sorting and stacking cups

  • Playing under the play gym

  • Playing with blocks

ONLOOKER PLAY
(2 YEARS)

Child begins to watch and observe other children play but does not play with them

  • Watching other children play at a distance

  • Children suggest possible solutions to other children but not actively joining in on their play

PARALLEL PLAY
( 2+ YEARS) 

When a child plays alongside or near other children but does not play with them 

  • The child playing in the same area but not necessarily with the same toy

ASSOCIATIVE PLAY
(3-4 YEARS)

When a child starts to interact with others during play

  • The child will play on the playground equipment but all doing different activities like climbing, swinging or sliding

COOPERATIVE PLAY

When children play together with shared goals

  • Playing store 

  • Playing restaurant 

  • Putting on a stage show 

  • Playing going to the doctor

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